Bleeding in time can be very scary, but loss of blood does not always mean a miscarriage. Bleeding during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, occur more often than you think. Therefore, it is important to know why they occur and what needs to be done.
According to studies, about 25% of women surveyed confirmed that they had bleeding during pregnancy, and in 8% they were quite strong. Most cases occurred between the 5th and 8th week, and lasted no more than 3 days.
Of those who were bleeding, only 12% of women experienced a miscarriage. One-time discharge of blood occurs in many women, but there are those who occasionally have them throughout their pregnancy. Pregnancy excreta may look like drops, streaks or excretions similar to menstruation.
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Yes. Any bleeding during pregnancy should be immediately reported to the gynecologist.
Any vaginal discharge of blood before the 24th week of pregnancy is considered a potential threat of miscarriage. After 24 weeks, this is called prenatal bleeding.
Those with a negative Rh factor, you must consult a doctor within 72 hours after the bleeding, because there are suspicions that the baby’s blood may mix with yours. If mixing occurs, the maternal organism can begin to produce antibodies against the positive rhesus of the baby’s blood.
Positive rhesus is much more common than negative. For the first pregnancy, mixing of blood does not have any consequences, but during subsequent pregnancies the body may decide that it is necessary to attack unfamiliar matter with antibodies, if the child again has a positive Rhesus.
The following are the most common causes of bleeding during pregnancy. Not all of them are scary and dangerous. During pregnancy, minor cramps and pulling sensations occur, and this is normal. But if the bleeding is accompanied by severe pain and cramps, immediately seek the help of doctors.
In case of implantation bleeding, when a fertilized egg is attached to the mucous membrane of the uterus, small spots or streaks of blood may appear. This usually lasts only a day or two, and occurs during the implantation period or during the period when menstruation should begin.
Some women mistakenly think that this is just a small period and they do not understand that they are pregnant.
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Some women have what is called breakthrough or intermenstrual bleeding in the period when they were supposed to be menstrual. Thus, such secretions appear at 4, 8, and 12 weeks, respectively. They are often accompanied by sensations that you usually experience with menstruation, that is, back pain, cramps, heaviness in the abdomen, a feeling of distendedness and loss of strength.
Of course,due tothe fact that you are pregnant, menstruation does not occur, although you think you should. During pregnancy, hormones prevent secretions, but sometimes, when hormone levels have not yet reached their peak and can not stop menstruation, a “breakthrough” occurs - breakthrough bleeding.
This may last up to 3 months, and after that the placenta takes responsibility for the production of hormones by the ovaries. There are women who have breakthrough bleeding almost all the time during pregnancy, and under the constant supervision of doctors, they freely give birth to healthy babies.
According to research, one third of all pregnancies end in miscarriage (the medical term is spontaneous abortion). It sounds scary, but do not despair, as this number includes miscarriages at very early stages, the first 12 weeks, when a woman may not even understand that she was pregnant at all.
This type of miscarriage often occurs due to damage to the fetus, that is, the woman's body rejects the non-viable fetus.
If you have crossed the mark at 14-16 weeks, you can calm down.
It is wiser to refrain from announcing to the whole world about your pregnancy until reaching2 monthsterm. You can, of course, be bursting with emotions and joy, but in case of a miscarriage, you will be twice as sickagain the sameto report failed pregnancy.Empathy is important, but sometimes it can only exacerbate your grief about your broken dreams of being a mother.
Signs of miscarriage are bleeding, cramps, back pain and abdominal pain. Women often say that they "do not feel pregnant" when miscarriage or bleeding occurs. The main signs of pregnancy disappear - nausea, breast sensitivity and a swollen abdomen.
If you are bleeding and you feel all of the above, there is a risk that you have lost a child. If you are experiencing bleeding, but do not feel that the pregnancy has stopped, there is a great chance that this is a threat of miscarriage, but in general, the child is fine.
Miscarriage can also happen without bleeding, which is often called “missed abortion,” when the fetus dies, but is still delayed by your body inside. Signs of pregnancy in this case will disappear, but the cardiac arrest of the fetus can only be determined by ultrasound. A curette may be needed to remove the dead fetus.
Bleeding after sex is one of the most common causes of bleeding during pregnancy.It is completely harmless and is caused by an increase in the blood supply and softening of the cervix. Although such bleeding is not a serious concern, you should still report it to your doctor. Be prepared for a very personal question about whether you have recently had sex.
This does not mean that you need to stop having sex, but you may have to convince your partner that he will not harm the child, that he is safely protected in the uterus, which is much higher than the vagina.
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg is attached not in the uterus, but outside, usually in the fallopian tube.
You may experience severe pain in the abdomen with one hand, or twisting pain as well as fatigue and nausea. The pain may suddenly disappear, if the tube is broken, but will return in a few hours or days, and the feeling will be even worse.
This situation is rather dangerous. Ectopic pregnancy can lead to rupture of the fallopian tubes and cause internal bleeding, which can lead to infertility. You may have to remove the fallopian tube and end the pregnancy, but this does not mean that you will have problems conceiving in the future, provided that your second ovary and fallopian tube are healthy.
Another question you may hear at the doctor's office is whether you were scanned and how the placenta is located.
Painless vaginal bleeding can occur as a result of abnormal placement of the placenta. Sometimes the placenta is located very low on the wall of the uterus, and sometimes right above the cervix. This is called placenta previa and it occurs in approximately 0.5% of pregnancies.
Placenta previa will inevitably lead to bleeding insomemoment in your pregnancy - usually after 20 weeks. There are various degrees of severity of this condition, but they all require repeated ultrasounds for an accurate diagnosis. To prevent a threat to the baby, you may be advised to adhere to bed rest, suggest induction or cesarean section, if the placenta continues to be attached to the cervix.
Another cause of bleeding in later pregnancy is placental abruption, when the placenta is partially or completely separated from the uterine wall. This occurs in about 1 in 200 pregnancies. Symptoms include general severe pain and heavy bleeding.Bleeding can be visible or hidden in the uterus, which will be tight, tight, stiff to the touch and very painful.
If you smoke, have high blood pressure, kidney problems, or preeclampsia, you have a high risk of placental abruption. This condition requires urgent hospitalization, and depending on the severity of the bleeding, you may be prescribed bed rest, induction or cesarean section.
Uterine fibroids are masses of compacted muscles and fibrous tissue that can be inside or outside the walls of the uterus. They can be both problematic and unproblematic during pregnancy - this, first of all, depends on the location of the fibroids and on whether it increases or not.
There is no consensus of doctors about this, but it is known that hormones produced during pregnancy can cause both a decrease and an increase in myomas.
Myoma is best removed before pregnancy, as there is a chance that it will lead to an ectopic pregnancy, severe bleeding during pregnancy, or miscarriage.
However, many women give birth withoutanycomplications.If you have fibroids, it is important to contact a specialist to understand exactly your situation and determine the next steps. Avoidinternet self treatmentBecause the question is serious, and you should not trust it to the consideration of sofa experts.
If the gestation period is more than 20 weeks, immediately consult a doctor if bleeding occurs. Do not use tampons in any case if you experience bleeding during pregnancy; always take a gasket.
If the bleeding is minor and you have no pain, consult your doctor or nurse anyway. If the bleeding is severe (flow or clots) and is accompanied by abdominal cramps, back pain and pain similar to sensations during menstruation, call an ambulance immediately.
Understandably, you are upset, but try to stay calm and remember that bleeding happens during pregnancy, this is not an anomaly.
The blood belongs to you, not the baby, so the continuation of a completely healthy pregnancy and the birth of a healthy child is possible and most likely. Do not be surprised if with such complaints in the early stages (up to 12 weeks) you will be advised to just watch and wait.
If you are experiencing a miscarriage, unfortunately, nothing can stop or prevent this process. Losing a child is always pain, frustration and depression, but the best thing you can do is take care of yourself physically and emotionally. You are not guilty of having lost a child, and you cannot change anything, but there are things that will help you feel more comfortable physically:
Along with the secretions, various clumps of tissue, an undeveloped fetus may come out, but soon the bleeding will stop. If the blood does not stop, you should immediately seek medical attention.
Remember that in most cases, bleeding in early pregnancy occurs spontaneously, and after that, the pregnancy continues healthy and unharmed.