You will soon become a mother and are already thinking about how you will organize breastfeeding your crumbs.
You are ready for childbirth and absolutely ready for breastfeeding, because you know thatbreast milk- the best food for the baby, and also know that the key to successful breastfeeding is precisely in its proper organization from the first days of the child's life.
But in your head there are still many fears, concerns and myths aboutbreastfeeding: But what if I can’t cope, because to breastfeed is so difficult, and suddenly there will be no milk, and suddenly the baby will not take the breast.
Let's talk about the most common myths and fears about breastfeeding, which often excite almost all young mothers.
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No milk or little milk
«I don't have milk"- This is the most common myth among moms.According to statistics, 97% of women are able to feed their babies exclusively with breast milk. Only 3% of women have a lack of milk and cannot feed babies.
If during the first days of breastfeeding it seems to you that you have almost no milk, do not worry, during this period there may indeed be very little milk, but this is quite enough for crumbs.
Ksenia Solovey, breastfeeding consultant, certified specialist of the Training and Methodological Center for Supporting Breast Feeding of KMAPO named after P.L. Shupika, psychologist, organizer and director of the Center for Milk Rivers in Kiev:“In order to stimulate lactation, mom needs to put the baby on the chest once an hour, once a half. And it is imperative that there are nightly feeds, since the hormone prolactin, which makes milk, is produced in greater quantities precisely at night. ”
If you start to feed the mixture, you can put a cross on HB
If your baby has scored too few grams in the first month, then the doctor will give you more food. Of course, you have heard that if a child tries to drink a mixture from a bottle, he no longer wants to take the breast and drink the milk. Yes.This is true, the baby can refuse to breast. But who said that you need to feed the mixture from the bottle?
Ksenia Solovey, breastfeeding consultant, certified specialist of the Training and Methodological Center for Supporting Breast Feeding of KMAPO named after P.L. Shupika, psychologist, organizer and leader of the Center for "Milk Rivers" in Kiev: "For supplement, you can use the supplement system at the chest. This is such a supplement tank, from which a small capillary comes. The child, when he sucks the breast, he immediately receives and supplements. Thus, it is possible to feed the child until he starts to gain more than 125 g per week, then he can gradually refuse to feed and fully switch to breastfeeding. ”
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The child needs to be fed no more than once every 3 hours, otherwise he will move
A newborn baby just physically can not stand the 3-hour break between feedings, so 1.5 hours out of these 3 baby will just scream loudly. It is not at all clear to whom this will be better? It is much easier and more natural to feed the child when he wants.
If the crumb is exclusively onbreastfeeding, he can not overeat, he eats exactly as much as he needs. And frequent attachments should not bother you, this is normal, the child not only eats near the breast, but also calms down, and also satisfies his sucking reflex. Some crumbs can apply even every hour. Do not worry, the baby will grow up. The frequency of attachments will decrease, it will fill up well and withstand not only 3 hours, but also 6 hours of night sleep. Everything has its time.
Ksenia Solovey, breastfeeding consultant, certified specialist of the Training and Methodological Center for Supporting Breast Feeding of KMAPO named after P.L. Shupika, psychologist, organizer and director of the Center for Milk Rivers in Kiev:“There are such firm myths that the child should be applied no more than once every three hours. But we know that lactation works on the principle of "demand - supply." The more often a baby is applied, the more milk is produced. ”
The baby should suck the breast for no more than 20 minutes.
Duration of feeding regulates only the child. Give the baby to eat quietly, wait until he releases the breast. Breast milk can be divided into"Front" and "back". In the "front" more water and sugar, and in the "back" - fat and immunoglobulins. In order for a crumb to drink “back” milk, it must stay at the breast long enough, especially for newborn babies who are just learning to suckle. Some babies spend about 40 minutes or an hour at their breasts, this is quite normal, soon it will change and the crumb learns to fill up in those same 20 minutes.
Mom forumka Elvira says:"In the early days, my son could have had an hour and a half for my breast. I was very worried because of this, I thought it was not normal. But the doctor told me that it was quite natural. A month passed and the baby began to eat faster, already managed 20-30 minutes, and then he could eat quickly in 10-15 minutes. "
I am not created for feeding - it hurts to feed me
The pain during feeding does not mean that you are not created for HBV, and you should stop it, but only that you have improperly organized breastfeeding or you have any infections. You may not attach the baby to the breast correctly; consult a breastfeeding specialist or a pediatrician. Also, the pain during feeding may occur due to thrush, with suspected thrush should also consult a doctor.
It is also worth remembering that many women may have weak painful sensations in the first weeks of breastfeeding, this will soon pass, the breast will get used, and the pain will disappear.
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Breast should be washed with soap before each feeding.
But just this is not necessary. It is this frequent washing of the breast that leads to cracks. During breastfeeding, follow normal breast hygiene. Remember that around the areola there are special glands that produce a special lubricant that protects the nipple from infections, too frequent washing washes away this lubricant.
After each feeding, be sure to decant
Not necessarily, look at the situation, if after feeding the breast is soft, not full, you do not need to express it, but if you feel heavy, it is better to express it so that the milk does not stagnate. Regular pumping after each feeding makes sense if you have problems with lactation, and you try to stimulate it in all possible ways. Just decanting can be one of these ways.
The baby must be given some water
According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, newborn children (from birth to 28 days) are not recommendedto give some waterin order to stimulate lactation in mom: the baby will apply not only when hungry, but also when he wants to drink. After 28 days of life, provided that lactation is established, the baby can be offered water from a spoon if he wants, let him drink, no - and not needed.
In general, experts say that if the child is exclusively on HB, he does not need water, since the milk consists of 90% of water and can fully satisfy the child's thirst.
Feed must be entered as early as possible.
Just the opposite. Previously, the management of foods may threaten the baby with many diseases. Up to 4 months, the topic of complementary feeding should not be raised at all, after 4 months, they begin to give lactation only on doctor’s prescription - if the crumbs have anemia, for example, only after 6 months, the baby’s body is really needed for the child’s full further development.
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If you have flat or inverted nipples, you will not be able to feed
This is not true.In the first weeks of breastfeeding, women with flat or inverted nipples should use special linings. Over time, they can be abandoned, as the nipples stretch in the process of GW.
Breastfeeding after year does not make sense
It is recommended to feed the baby after a year, since the usefulness of milk does not decrease. After one and a half years, mild weaning is recommended.
Ksenia Solovey, breastfeeding consultant, certified specialist of the Training and Methodological Center for Supporting Breast Feeding of KMAPO named after P. Shupika, perinatal psychologist, organizer and director of the Center for Milk Rivers:«Weaning is a matter of time. This is not three days, the baby can not instantly stop eating milk. Weaning should be gently and gently. Here is the baby year, we gradually begin to wean him: first, we restrict the attachment in public places, then we remove intermediate feedings, the next stage is when we remove feeding for falling asleep, first daytime, we teach the child a different way of falling asleep, and then we remove and evening feeding .Excommunication can last several months - this is normal. "
Breastfeeding spoils the chest and the figure as a whole
First of all,breast-feeding- This is a natural process during which the mother's body uses the fat reserves it has accumulated during pregnancy to make milk. Therefore, HB is a great way to lose weight after giving birth.
Secondly, breastfeeding per se does not spoil the breast, because the main breast transformations occur during pregnancy, during breastfeeding the breast does not transform, only improperly organized breastfeeding can injure the breast and affect its shape.
Ksenia Solovey, breastfeeding consultant, certified specialist of the Training and Methodological Center for Supporting Breast Feeding of KMAPO named after P. Shupika, perinatal psychologist, organizer and director of the Center for Milk Rivers: “The shape of the breast is influenced by the processes that occur during pregnancy, the breast increases, additional lobules, alveoli, ducts are formed there, so the skin is stretched. Also, the shape of the breast can change immediately after delivery at the time of milk flow.Globally, feeding does not affect the shape of the breast. ”
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Breastfeeding is a great contraceptive method.
Yes, but if several conditions are met: absence of menstruation, the child is not more than 6 months old, the child eats exclusively the breast, feeds on demand, the intervals between feedings are not more than 6 hours.
Fulfillment of all these conditions does not guarantee 100% of the contraceptive effect.
Mom needs to drink a lot of liquid to have milk.
Yes, mother should be drunk, but not according to the principle “the more the better”, but simply in order not to feel thirst.
Ksenia Solovey, breastfeeding consultant, certified specialist of the Training and Methodological Center for Supporting Breast Feeding of KMAPO named after P. Shupika, perinatal psychologist, organizer and director of the Center for Milk Rivers:“There is such a myth that a nursing mother should drink a lot. This is not entirely true, it is very important for a nursing woman not to feel thirsty. But if she drinks too much when she does not want to drink already, hormonal changes occur. The hormone oxytocin, which pushes milk out of the breast, with excessive drinking reduces production, which is bad for lactation. "
Breastfeeding is a natural process, there is nothing difficult in it, just every mother needs to prepare for HBs, not to be afraid to seek help if it is necessary, to remain calm and optimistic.