It is clear to everyone why a toilet is needed at the dacha -people who are used to urban amenities, on the garden site also want to have a comfortable and hygienic bathroom. What kind of it you choose, it depends on the budget. You can buy a ready-made toilet for a wooden house, but this is not always a reasonable solution, especially given that its construction is not so laborious. Having tools (a hacksaw, a plane, a screwdriver, a hammer, building materials and nails), you can build a toilet house without difficulty.
Before starting the construction of a toiletyou need to make a project and choose a place, not forgetting about sanitary norms. To prevent water pollution, it should be located at a distance of 25 meters from wells and wells, on land with a bias it is desirable to install it far below any water source. When building it is worth considering that the smells should not reach the house, arbor, etc. A cesspool should be properly isolated from the atmospheric precipitation.
Toilets for cottages. Types and features
The simplest toilet for a summer residence - a wooden small house withI my. It does not require special skills to build it, anyone who can work with a hammer, a hacksaw and a shovel can do it. A toilet for a wooden dacha has a simple principle of action - the products of the vital activity of people fall into the pit, liquid waste - into the ground, some of them evaporate. In the pit a dense mass accumulates, which is periodically removed by hand or by means of a special sewage machine.To clean the pit do not mess around, toiletis transferred to a new place, while the old pit is falling asleep. It should be borne in mind that for the third time a toilet for a wooden dacha can be put on the very first place of the cesspool, because by that time all the waste will already turn into land.
The peat toilet (powder-closet) is the secondkind of a country toilet without connection to the sewer. The principle of its operation is based on placing the tank under a toilet seat with a capacity of 20 liters for feces, as well as a box with peat. In this case, each visit to the toilet is completed with the backfilling of waste with a thin layer of peat. When the tank is filled, its contents are sent to the pit. This kind of dacha toilet is much simpler than a cesspool, since its location is possible in any place, including a cottage house.
The loft-closet from the toilet with the pit is different in size and tightness. Here, the liquid component is not drained, therefore, the emptying of the cesspool is carried out by pumping.
In the loft-closet the cesspool can be made fromconcrete monolith or concrete blocks, sometimes a ceramic brick with obligatory plaster is used. Undoubtedly, an external waterproofing consists of 2 layers. Right under the cesspool, a clay lock is created from the compacted clay of a half-meter layer. As a funnel, use a toilet with an even siphon (enamelled cast iron or faience bowl "Genoa"). In a toilet of this type, the project is included in the cottage, but a separate backlash will cost you much more.