Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

Our kids are very curious, they like to experiment, learning about the world.

Sometimes curiosity and experimentation result in foreign bodies entering the child’s body.

Then the parents start to get worried and very often they don’t know how to quickly help the child before the doctor arrives.

Today we invite you to learn how to provide first aid to a child in whose body a foreign body has fallen.

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Foreign bodies in the body of a child

According to statistics, every fourth child under the age of 5-6 years old swallows a foreign object at least once in his life or puts it in his nose, ear.

Most often, foreign objects enter the body of the child during the game, if the crumbs are very interested in some object, or during the meal.

Psychologists say that the desire to drag everything into the mouth or stuff foreign objects into the nose or ears is absolutely normal for a child, so he studies the world.That is why parents of babies under 6 years old need to be extremely attentive and not allow children to play with small objects that can easily get into the child's body.

Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova: "Children often, out of curiosity, put small objects into their ears, then in the nose. In this case, it is better to contact an ENT doctor by ambulance to safely remove this ill-fated button, bean or bead. ”

If the kid swallowed something

If a childswallowed a foreign objectThere are several scenarios for the development of the situation: the item will leave the body itself, and you will see it at the bottom of the pot, it will be stuck in the throat, esophagus, stomach, or digestive system.

If the subject is stuck in the throat, do not try to pull it out yourself, immediately call an ambulance. Exceptions may be situations where you can clearly see this object in the child's throat and understand that it is shallow. Then you can try to get it with your hand, you need to move your finger along the inside of the cheek and, having picked up the object with your finger, try to pull it out.

In the case whenthe kid swallowed a small streamlined objectIt is likely that this item will come out with feces. It is important to contact the doctor as soon as possible, monitor the child’s condition and carefully examine the contents of the pot after each bowel movement in order to identify the object. As soon as the item is out, you can breathe easier!

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If the subject is large enough, of irregular shape, it mayget stuck in the esophagus, then the baby will complain of pain when swallowing, nausea or cough, discomfort when trying to swallow something, the inability to swallow solid food. If you experience these symptoms, call an ambulance. Delay in this situation is dangerous to the health of the child, because due to a foreign object, a hole may appear in the wall of the esophagus, and then there will be bleeding and food masses in the chest, which is dangerous for the baby’s life.

Also large items of irregular shape canstay in the stomachthat will cause abdominal pain, discomfort, nauseous, belching. In this case, an ambulance is needed.

If a foreign objectstuck in the digestive systemchild, it can practically not affect the health of the child, with the exception of mild discomfort in the abdomen. In this case, it is better to consult a doctor.

When is a doctor needed right away?

Immediatelycall an ambulancenecessary if the child is swallowed:

  • a needle, a pin, a button, a clip, a nail, etc .;
  • subject from three centimeters in length;
  • batteries or batteries;
  • magnets;
  • glass;
  • large bones from fruit; peach, apricot, plum;

Mom-forumchanka Christina shared her story:“Once my son swallowed a button, a round one, he was then 5 years old. I was very worried, took the baby to the doctor. The doctor said to observe the condition of the child, if he feels good, then you just need to wait until the button comes out, this should happen in 3-4 days. If the condition worsens, or the button does not come out in 3-4 days, you need to come back to it. Everything turned out, the button came out on the third day. ”

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First aid: what is possible and what is not?

What not to do:

  • if the kid swallowed something,you should not give him an enema, give laxative medicines, it activates the bowels and can lead to additional injury to the internal organs by the edges of the swallowed object;
  • don't try to pull the item out by yourself: push it with a piece of bread and so on;
  • it is not necessary to water and feed the child before the arrival of the doctor.

What do we have to do:

  • if the object is small and streamlined, to speed up its exit from the body, you can give the child foods rich in fiber;
  • it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the child, if nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, blood in the stool is observed, you must immediately call an ambulance.

If a foreign body enters the respiratory system

Often, seeds, nuts, food pieces, beans, grains, seeds, small toys, candy, and so on get into the child's respiratory system.

If a foreign body gets into the respiratory system of a child, the following may appear.the symptoms:

First aid

If the child can breathe and cough himself, let him cough, this will help to get rid of the foreign body sooner.

If the baby cannot breathe:

  • call an ambulance;
  • we help the baby: you need to go behind the baby, clasp it with your hands around the waist, press on the belly between the navel and the xiphoid process (the so-called solar plexus), press it sharply, pushing up 4-5 times with an interval of 3-5 seconds, foreign the body should come out, if it does not work out, continue the actions after a certain break until the arrival of the doctors

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If the child has lost consciousness:

  • call an ambulance;
  • sometimes it is recommended to give artificial respiration, but doctors warn against this, since artificial respiration can push the foreign body even deeper and aggravate the situation.

If the child has driven a splinter

Treat the skin and the needle or pin with an antiseptic (alcohol, calendula tincture) and remove the splinter. After that, treat the skin with antiseptic.

If an insect is in the ear of a baby

In this case, you can call an ambulance, but you can also use this method: put a few drops of pasteurized vegetable oil and cooled to body temperature in the ear. After that, the insect should die and be outside with the resulting oil.

Foreign body in the ear or nose

If the foreign body gets into the ear, then you can try to get it out of there with tweezers, but only if you see the edge of the object. You can also try to shake the subject by tilting your head. If not, call an ambulance.

In case the foreign body gets into the nose, ask the child to breathe through the mouth for a while and explain to him what needs to be done to blow the subject (squeeze one nostril with your fingers and blow it out with force), if it doesn't work, call an ambulance.

Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid images, pictures

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  • Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child: how to provide first aid