Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

As is well known, infections caused by herpes viruses are a group of extremely common and diverse viral diseases that are characterized by damage to the skin, mucous membranes and the nervous system. Infection of the population of our planet is 90-97%, with the initial infection occurs in the first five years of life.

8 types of herpes virus have been isolated from humans:

1. Herpes simplex virus type 1, causes damage to the skin and mucous membranes, the nervous system;

2. Herpes simplex virus type 2, affects the urogenital system, as well as the nervous system;

3. varicella-zoster virus or herpes simplex virus type 3;

4. Epstein-Barr virus, or herpes virus type 4, the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis;

5. Cytomegalovirus, or herpes virus type 5, can cause inflammation of the salivary glands - sialadenitis, a disease like infectious mononucleosis, as well as damage to the lungs, CNS, liver - in immunodeficiency states;

6. The herpes virus of the 6th type, causes sudden rash, possible damage to the liver and nervous system;

7. The herpes virus of the 7th type causes sudden rash, chronic fatigue syndrome;

8. Herpes simplex virus type 8, associated with Kaposi's sarcoma.

Diseases caused by herpes viruses type 1 and 2 are called herpes infections.

The main modern direction of treatment of herpes infection is the prescription of antiviral drugs (acyclovir, ganciclovir, famciclovir, and some others) and interferon alfa drugs.

The first type of herpetic infection is usually transmitted by airborne and contact routes. It is known that the virus in favorable conditions may remain active for several hours. So, in a humid environment (for example, on the surfaces of sanitary devices), it remains viable for 3-4 hours and can cause an outbreak in preschool institutions. Younger children (from 5 months to 3 years) are most susceptible to herpes infections.

The herpes virus type 2 is transmitted predominantly by the sexual or vertical path (for example, during childbirth through contact with the mother's genital tract).

Passive virus carrier is considered a specific feature of a herpetic infection. Any, even short-term, decrease in immunity often leads to activation of the virus and recurrence of the disease. Interestingly, not all people are equally sensitive to herpes viruses. For example, in the same family, mom and two daughters can often carry herpes on the lips and nose, while dad can never.

Herpes virus type 1 causes, most often, stomatitis, skin manifestations (including felon), eye damage. Typical elements of a rash are blisters on the skin and mucous membranes, although there are also atypical forms of the disease - without blisters.

Herpes virus type 2 mainly causes genital herpes and herpes infection in newborns.

Both viruses of the 1st and 2nd types can cause damage to the nervous system.

The main modern direction of treatment of herpes infection is the prescription of antiviral drugs (acyclovir, ganciclovir, famciclovir, and some others) and interferon alfa drugs. Antiviral drugs may be prescribed depending on the severity of the disease: orally, parenterally or topically.

Of the homeopathic medicines specific for the treatment of herpes infection is considered Ranunkulyusbulos. Also used are geparsulfur (especially in the cold season), sodium muriathicum (in the warm season, at sea), Rus and cantharis with severe itching.

The most effective methods of preventing infection:

  • Since the herpes of newborns is particularly difficult, and infection occurs mainly during childbirth (85-90%), pregnant women with laboratory-confirmed genital herpes are recommended to have a cesarean section. And their children are carefully examined for the herpes virus type 2.
  • The staff of maternity hospitals, antenatal clinics and specialized immunodeficiency departments are not allowed to work during the recurrence of herpes infection.
  • Children with visible manifestations of herpes infection on the skin are not allowed in the children's team until recovery.

Related news

  • This is how you will understand that it is not for you
  • Landscape design country house with their own hands
  • This inspirational girl created anapp tohelp students find lunch buddies
  • Learn about the character of the man in the posture he prefers
  • How does a child’s household chores affect his future?
  • Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment

    Herpes infection in a child: symptoms and treatment