Growth and change in the mucous membrane of the uterusIs a fairly common problem faced by many women. That is why questions about why hyperplasia of the endometrium arises, what it is, and what its symptoms are, become extremely relevant. It is known that some forms of this pathology can be regarded as a precancerous condition.
To begin with, it should be noted that this diseasecan have different forms. Sometimes there is only a proliferation of glandular tissue, while some women, in addition to this, there is a formation of fibrous structures, including polyps and cysts. There is also atypical hyperplasia of the endometrium. What it is? This form of the disease is most dangerous, as it is accompanied by the formation of atypical cells and, consequently, increases the likelihood of the appearance of malignant formations.
The causes of hyperplasia may be different. But, according to statistics, most often the disease is diagnosed in women, in whose bodies there is a change in the hormonal background - the risk group includes adolescents and mature women during the menopause. In addition, this result is often caused by any illnesses of the endocrine system, including diabetes, thyroid lesions, etc.
There is also a genetic predispositionwomen. On the other hand, hyperplasia can be the result of gynecological procedures, including curettage of the uterus. To the same result result inflammations and some other diseases of the reproductive system, including myoma and polycystosis.
Occasionally a similar disease occursis asymptomatic. But more often than not, women complain of mild blood spotting, which usually appears in the period between menstruation. In addition, complex endometrial hyperplasia can be accompanied by massive uterine bleeding, and large clots can be seen in the discharge.
As is known, the endometrium of the uterus providesimplantation and further development of a fertilized egg. Any changes in this layer of the uterus lead to a violation of the reproductive function of the female body. Indeed, hyperplasia is most often the cause of infertility. Therefore, the disease needs treatment.
Undoubtedly, in the presence of a similar disease a womanappropriate treatment is needed. Nevertheless, some tests and tests are first performed that help assess the patient's health, determine the degree of the disease and, of course, find out its causes. In any case, only the doctor knows why hyperplasia of the endometrium arises, what it is, and how dangerous the disease is, so it is not worthwhile to engage in self-medication.
Depending on the results of diagnostic procedures, treatment is prescribed, which can be both conservative and surgical.
As a rule, hormonaltherapy. Over the next few months, a woman takes certain hormonal contraceptives that help normalize the levels of estrogen and progesterone.
Unfortunately, not always with the help of hormonesyou can get rid of a disease called endometrial hyperplasia. The operation is indicated for severe conditions, and also if conservative treatment does not bring the desired result. During the procedure, the doctor removes the enlarged endometrial tissue. In the most severe cases, the uterus is excised. After the operation, hormonal treatment is needed, which reduces the risk of relapse and complications.