The long-awaited warm season brings with it not only joy, but also certain troubles, for example, numerous insects appear in this period. And many of them, when they are bitten, secrete a microdose of poison, which may become an allergen for the child’s body.
Most often allergy is caused by stinging and blood-sucking insects. The first are the wasp, the bee, the hornet, and the second are the mosquitoes and fleas.
Symptoms of insect sting allergy
Allergy to insect sting manifests itself quickly enough: from a few seconds to several hours.
Swelling and itching at the site of the bite means that the body is struggling with the effects of insect venom and does not allow it to penetrate further into the blood.
If adults are able to control themselves and not touch the bite site, then it is impossible for small children to explain why the wound cannot be scratched if it is very itchy. You can ease the effects of a bite withPhenystyle gel
If the reaction of the body is not limited to local signs, then it speaks of an allergy to the bite of this insect.
A child with an allergy to insect bites may experience severe swelling, a significant place of redness on the body at the site of the bite, itching, causing scratching. And this leads to the addition of infection.
In addition, there may be general reactions - weakness, rash on the skin (urticaria), fever. A dangerous symptom can be a child's complaints about the lack of air and intermittent rapid breathing. Further development of an allergic reaction can lead to angioedema (laryngeal edema and lung spasm). In this case, emergency medical care is needed.
As a rule, the symptoms of allergies are growing very quickly, so it is very important to provide proper assistance in a timely manner by contacting a doctor.
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Often we do not know which insect has bitten us. What can we say about the children? But to identify the allergen helps skin-allergic test. In addition, when a bee sting is usually seen sting (which you need to pull out with tweezers, because it continues to throw poison into the body of a child), but the wasps and hornets sting is not left.With the development of an allergy to ant bites, the lesions often have multiple lesions.
Insect Bite Allergy Treatment
If the child is allergic, andsymptoms after a bite are growing, seek medical advice immediately.
Cold is applied to the site of the bite, adrenaline is injected into the site of the bite at a dosage of 10 µg / kg (maximum - up to 0.3 mg), prednisolone is administered intramuscularly at a dosage of 2 mg / kg of weight. These drugs do not allow the poison to spread throughout the body and reduce the manifestation of allergies.
If these drugs are not available, a tourniquet is applied to the affected limb to prevent the poison from spreading throughout the body. But the harness must be applied correctly to prevent the death of tissue. Here, too, it is better to trust a specialist.
Read also:Allergic rhinitis in children: treatment and prevention
If aallergies are mild, then you should use drugs that have a calming effect, for example, Fenistil or sprays containing panthenol.
After helping the allergy to cure the allergy, and not get rid of its symptoms, should be allergen-specific immunotherapy.
And do not forget, forewarned is forearmed.If a child has a tendency to allergies, it is necessary to undergo prophylactic treatment with antihistamines in advance, which will be selected by an allergist.