Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

 

Many parents believe that absolutely all newborns are very restless, that they constantly scream and do not sleep at night.

Indeed, some children are distinguished by anxiety, and this behavior is connected with the fact that something is disturbing the baby, a well-fed and healthy baby should not constantly scream and suffer from insomnia.

There are many reasons for concern for a child, such as abdominal pain, hunger, heat, or increased intracranial pressure. Of course, only a doctor can understand what a baby is worried about! But caring and knowledgeable parents can pay attention to certain symptoms and tell the doctor about them so that he can help the baby more quickly and with better quality.

Let's talk today about what intracranial pressure is, what are the symptoms of this condition, which parents should pay attention to, how is ICP diagnosed and how is it treated?

Read also:Newborn health: tests and examinations

What is intracranial pressure?

Intracranial pressure- This is an indicator that reflects the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid on the brain.

The brain is located in the cerebrospinal fluid. Cerebrospinal fluid is constantly forming and circulating. In this regard, intracranial pressure in a person is always present, as well as arterial pressure. But if problems arise with the formation or circulation of cerebrospinal fluid, then intracranial pressure may increase.

Increased intracranial pressure is not a separate disease, it is only a symptom of a disease.

Why does intracranial pressure increase?

Increased intracranial pressure in newborns may occur due to:

  • hydrocephalus- congenital pathology in which spinal fluid is produced too actively;
  • inflammatory diseases of the brain - meningitis, encephalitis;
  • traumatic brain injuries, including generic ones;
  • brain tumors;
  • diseases with metabolic disorders, such as diabetes.

Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment - image №1

Read also:BCG vaccination: what you need to know?

Symptoms of intracranial pressure:

  • poor sleep;
  • trembling hands, legs and chin;
  • swelling fontanel;
  • rapid increase in head circumference.

Galina Vasilievna Babiy, pediatrician:"Among the symptoms of increased intracranial pressure in newborns, it can also be noted -regurgitation, monotonous cry, anxiety and crying (especially when the child is horizontal), physical and psycho-emotional development lag (depending on age - not sitting, not standing, not turning over, not holding his head) - there are many symptoms, true or no assessment disease is possible only when examining a child. "

Mother-forumwoman Maria shared her story:“My friend had a very difficult birth. She and the baby for a long time away from them. Literally two weeks after giving birth, she began to complain that the baby was constantly crying, was sleeping very badly and refused to eat. She had to call the doctor, the doctor sent them to the neurologist with the baby, the neurologist examined the child and said that the child had increased intracranial pressure, which arose against the background of the birth trauma of the child.The doctor prescribed the treatment, after a month the baby felt better, began to sleep well, eat, recruit everything. It’s good that everything worked out. ”

Problem diagnosis

Diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure in infants is difficult, since the baby cannot complain, for example, of a headache, so experts use these methods to diagnose problems:

  • examination by a neurologist;
  • Brain ultrasound;
  • examination of the eye day by an ophthalmologist;
  • computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging.

If you notice symptoms of increased intracranial pressure in a child, make a complaint to the pediatrician, he will examine the baby and refer you to a neurologist.

Read also:Constipation in a newborn: how to help a baby?

Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment - image №2

Read also:Staphylococcus in newborns: symptoms and treatment

Treatment of intracranial pressure

Treatment of increased intracranial pressure is prescribed only by a doctor! The main goal of treatment is to eliminate the disease that caused the increase in pressure.

Most often, with increased intracranial pressure prescribed:

  • diuretic drugs that help relieve puffiness of the brain;
  • drugs to improve the blood supply to the brain;
  • vascular drugs;
  • vitamins;
  • sedatives;
  • massage, physical education, swimming.

Do not be afraid to consult a doctor if you notice symptoms of intracranial pressure in a child.

Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment images, pictures

Related news

  • Sesame oil during pregnancy: what are the benefits and dangers
  • Care of baby teeth: what parents should know
  • The beauty of the Arab and Andalusian horses from Wojtek Kviatkovsky
  • What to do if a child has a stomachache
  • Choosing a gaming computer

  • Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Intracranial pressure: causes, symptoms and treatment