Mustache (fish). Mustache: photo and description

Mustache (fish). Mustache: photo and description

Mustache is a fairly large fish, itcan grow up to 1 meter and gain weight of 12 kg. It is actually dreamed of catching many. It represents a serious sporting interest, since it has a strong body. It should be noted that all the barbels are clever and clever. Just so on the hook they will not fall, even if the bait will be one of their favorite treats.

The entire genus of fish of the Karpov family differs frombarbel. Often it is confused with gudgeon, but on closer examination it can still be identified. All thanks to the tendrils that are located on the cheeks of this representative. Obviously, it was thanks to them that he got his name.

Description

One of the largest representatives of the Karpov family is the barbel fish. A photo of it on the background of a person, a boat or another relatively large object will help to make sure of it.

barbel fishMustaches have an elevated back. The body after the dorsal fins begins to flatten, so the main meat is located closer to the head. He is also distinguished by thick lips, as he takes food at the bottom. And as a result of the fact that they are constantly rubbing against pebbles, they can be damaged. Antennae, located on both sides of the lips, are kind of radar. If the fish notices food, then it will linger on a particular section of the river.

Dorsal fin short, but quite the sametall. He and the one that is located in the tail, have a gray tint. The rest are slightly reddish. The body has no spots, it is even, silvery in color. But sometimes there are specimens with brownish scales.

The eyes of the fish are very small. This is due to the fact that when looking for food, it relies more on its antennae-radar than on vision. They sit deep and are unlikely to somehow help during the search for food, spawning or ordinary swimming.

Distribution area

On the territory of Russia is very common fishbarbel, photo hobbyists with a long-awaited trophy are often decorated with themed sites. But the habitat is not oriented to the whole country. In cold regions, barbel is very rare, and even completely absent. This is due to the fact that at minus water temperature, he simply can not feed. It is difficult for him to get food there, where its presence is minimal.

Also considered fish can be foundin fact throughout Europe. The exceptions are England and northern Scandinavia. Also barbel is not found in southern Italy. This is again due to cold climatic conditions or the absence of suitable water bodies.

Habitat

Many fish that are part of the Karpov family,live mostly in rivers. But sometimes they can be found in lakes or backwaters. Such conditions allow you to feed only a few representatives. Therefore, if the fisherman is lucky enough to catch a mustache in the lake, then it will be incredibly large.

fish barbel photoFor a short time period, the population of thisfish markedly reduced. The fault was the rivers that were too polluted and the pursuit of trophies. But now the population is being systematically restored. Today you can catch such fish in narrow rivers with an uneven bottom.

If you can find a mustache in another pond, exceptriver, then only because he was too carried away by the journey while searching for food. If there is no current, the fish will not be able to reproduce, as the conditions for this are absent. However, in quiet creeks and water bodies there is a lot of food, so the biggest trophies are in them. Needless to say that catching a barbel will be easier in the river?

Favorite place for fish is the bottom of the reservoir at a depth of 5-6 meters, which is necessarily covered with pebbles or coarse sand. In this case, barbel will be easily fed and have all the conditions for spawning.

Food

Mustache is a fish, the menu of which is very diverse. But this is not the result of an abundance of favorite treats. As the barbel feeds on everything they find at the bottom of the river, a large menu is conditioned by the variety of organic life.

carp familyMost often this fish, included in the familyKarpovs, eats caviar of other river inhabitants, and also larvae. But sometimes it comes across small clams, which also make up the diet. Mustaches will refuse food only if it does not fit in the mouth.

This fish does not disdain with various wastes. If the remnants of animals are thrown into the river after the slaughterhouse, then the barbel will live in it clover.

Often the fish eats crustaceans or algae, but notall, but only those that will be to her liking. Smaller river inhabitants can also become prey to barbel. In a word, he will eat everything that he finds at the bottom, even if it is a small fish or waste from an abattoir.

Lifestyle

Mustache is a fish that only occasionally preferscompany. Usually she leads a solitary lifestyle. But she has to step over her principles for the period of winter parking and spawning. Then the barbel sticks into the jambs.

fish of the carp familyFish nutrition is oriented at a later night timetime. Sometimes she continues to swim in search of food in the early morning. In addition, for day-hunting, barbel can go out in autumn or spring, when the temperature is too low at night.

For the winter, all the fish in question are hiding in burrowsor depressions, as the water in them is warmer. At this time, they have almost nothing to eat, so they do not spend on this process of strength and do not actually leave the shelter.

Predispositions to migration in fish are not observed. She will swim in search of a new home only if her river is too polluted.

During the daytime, the barbel is descending to the bottom. In addition, the larger the fish, the greater the depth it will take in order to feel ok. The greatest activity it reaches in the pre-dawn hours, then it is necessary to catch it.

Reproduction

Mustache is a fish that reaches puberty in2 years, but females become ready to spawn later. An important condition for mating to occur is the corresponding water temperature. It should fluctuate approximately in the range of 14-20 degrees. This means that the favorable time for spawning is the end of spring or the beginning of summer.

fish barbel familyDuring one spawning process the female leaves 1-2.5thousands of eggs. Most of them immediately have large enough sizes, from 2 millimeters. It is important to remember that caviar is poisonous. Moreover, during the spawning period it is highly not recommended to eat its meat.

After emergence from the eggs, the fry is carried by the currentdown. But after a few months, having got stronger, the juveniles come to the surface. Further, before reaching sexuality, the fish keeps large flocks. Only after spawning it passes to a solitary lifestyle.

Catching barbel

The fish of the Karpov familyon all the difficulties, after mastering some skills, it starts to be caught quite well. The main thing is to choose the right bait. Most often, fishermen use larvae or minced meat. The bait can not be used in large quantities, especially if fishing passes during the day. If the mustache notices a large piece of meat, then it will be frightened. When fishing is oriented at night, the fish will rely only on flair and can grab a large piece.

fish family of carpThe same can be said about lure. Only small food will be eaten by barbel fish. The Karp family generally does not like large baits, nor is complementary feeding.

You can catch with a fishing rod, but you should make sure that the rigging is strong. Mustache is aggressive, it can simply break free if it is not cut in time.

Conclusion

Thus, we examined barbel. It is a fish of the Cyprinidae family, which provokes sporting interest among lovers of fishing. It also has tasty and nutritious meat. The main thing is that it is not caught in spawn, because then it is poisonous. There have not been any fatalities yet, but it's not worth the risk.

I must say that all of the barbel are very tenacious. This allows fishermen not to use buckets or storage tanks. It's enough just to put the fish in the wet grass.

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