If you look at any textbook on age psychology, you can read that preschool childhood lasts up to 7 years. Under the conditions of the modern Ukrainian school, a child becomes a student at the age of six, still not “leaving” the period of preschool childhood.
However, remarks “against”, indignation and stomping with their feet will not change anything. In the conditions of modern realities, it is necessary to make every effort to reduce the harm that the class-less system can cause to a preschooler who has not yet reached the “school level”.
The first thing to realizeparents of first-graders - is to stop regretting them only because they are so small, and you have to go to school.
There are observations of psychologists that people who pity themselves or who panicked during an increased background radiation did get sick more often. The child is connected with his mother by invisible ties, feels her mood, reads him from facial expressions and gestures.That is why you, not sparing your newly-born student, but treating him with confidence, give him a chance to better adapt to the new difficult situation.
The next things you can do to help your child.when preparing for school, or at the very beginning of schooling, it is to consult with the school psychologist how to help your child adapt.
As mentioned above, it is useless for a six-year-old child to apply school readiness tests.
Firstly, these techniques were developed a long time ago, they do not take into account the features of the new generation of children of the screen, computer and the Internet.
Secondly, methods developed for seven-year-olds are not suitable for children of six years old. Just to reduce the age of verification - reduces the reliability of the study and forecast.
In order to determine the extent of your assistance in the school adaptation of your child, it is necessary to know the degree of his preschool maturity.
The logic of human development is such that without completing the previous stage of development, a person cannot proceed to the next. So, the baby who missed the crawling stage still comes back to crawling, even learning to walk. Unresponsive preschooler can not be ready to learn schoolboy.
How maturity preschooler? The first thing that forms in preschool age and determines the activity of a preschooler is a game. It is the maturity of the game that determines whether the child can move on to a more complex activity — learning (in other words, has he played enough to start learning). A mature preschooler is no longer playing with toys, just manipulating them like a baby. He needs other people to play who play certain roles, and certain rules are present in the children's play. Mature preschooler loves rule games. And, although it is still difficult for him to reconcile with the losses, he is already ready to realize that sometimes he fails.
When inventing or simply supporting some games, it is necessary to develop elementary figurative thinking.
In order to play role-playing games, you need a developed imagination. That it is the next neoplasm of preschool age. Imagination is imperative when you start learning Indeed, in order to understand the abstract concept of a number, it is simply necessary to imagine the corresponding number of objects.The ability to fantasize helps the child and in learning to read, other school subjects.
Another important parameter of preschool maturity is the degree of arbitrariness, which also originates in the game. A child who is not accustomed to the fact that you need to follow certain rules in games, very hard to get used to the rules of school. And "school" arbitrariness, in addition to following the requirements of the teacher, also requires the child to be able to check his work - during it and at the end. The low level of development of arbitrariness gives reason to recommend an individual work schedule, a longer period of adaptation of classes in a group of children, special exercises and compulsory cooperation with parents (control over homework assignments).
"Incoming" school diagnostics should show how fully the child passed the previous stage of development, within which the ability to learn activities was born.
But at the end of the first class, when, according to all psychological laws, the child becomes a seven-year-old “schoolboy”, he should haveformed qualitieswhich check the method of testing readiness for school seven year olds:
• a strong positive attitude towards school;
• motives for studying at school;
• adequate self-esteem when making mistakes;
• mastering ways to interact with classmates and teachers in business communication;
• knowledge of common ways to solve learning tasks, ability to change positions, evaluate ways of independent action.
In order to rid yourself of anxiety and have more reasons to trust your child, consult with the psychologist of the school where you plan to send your child, diagnose his or her preschool maturity and determine the extent of your help to adapt it to school.