Stylistic analysis of the artistic and not only text
Help make a stylistic analysis of the work of art.
I. Extralinguistic analysis of the text.
1.Avtor and the addressee of speech; the subject of speech; the theme of the text; the author's goal.
2. Type of speech (monologue, dialogue, polylogue).
3. Form of speech (oral or written).
4.Functional-semantic types of speech (description, narration, reasoning).
5.Sphere of public activities, which serves the intended style.
II.Linguistic analysis of the text.
1.Stylistic functions and features of lexico-phraseological text.
2. Features and stylistic functions of word-building text.
3. Features of syntactic means and their stylistic role.
4. Means of creating imagery and expressiveness of the text.
5.Individuality of the syllable (techniques, deviations from norms, etc.)
III. Conclusion: a functional style of the text, a litter, a genre.
Linguistic methodological commentary on the plan
1. When analyzing the text, you need to remember that all language tools on the material of a specific text can not be considered and it is not necessary. The volume of parsing is determined by the character of the text itself and its features.
2. Functional types of texts.
DESCRIPTION. Descriptive texts are designed to characterize the phenomena of nature, objects, persons, etc. by listing their characteristics. Depending on the subject that is characterized, the texts are divided into landscape and portrait with the appropriate lexical content. In the landscape, specific words are often used: forest, river, homestead, words with spatial meaning: left, right, side, on the horizon, below. In portrait texts, words that characterize growth, age, appearance, condition, etc.
NARRATION. The narrative texts give an idea of the development of the events described, their sequence. The order of the actions proceeds to the forefront. Each sentence expresses a stage, a stage in the development of action, in the movement of the plot to the denouement. Narrative texts are rarely found in pure form. In the works of art, narrative and narrative texts are combined.
DISCUSSION. In texts of the type of reasoning, three parts are clearly distinguished:
2) proof (argumentation);
3) conclusion (conclusion, generalization).
Often used opening words: first, secondly, in general, in general, so, thus, finally, consequently; subordinate unions: since, because, if that, etc. Examples are texts from textbooks and scientific books. In works of art, fragments of the type of reasoning often consist only of reasoning and do not contain theses and conclusions.
The named and other signs of functional types of texts should be cited as a justification for assigning the analyzed text to a particular functional type.
3.Language signs of styles.
Scientific, publicistic, official and business, as well as artistic styles have their own language features: lexical, word-formative, morphological, syntactic, as well as phonetic, or orthoepic (pronouncing).
The greatest distinctive ability is possessed by lexical and syntactic signs, since words and syntactic constructions more than other linguistic features distinguish the text of one style from the text belonging to another style.
When evaluating a text from the point of view of its stylistic affiliation, it is important to know how the stylistic properties of individual sound, lexical, derivational, morphological, syntactic means, and characteristic features of individual functional styles, created stylistically colored (in science they say: marked) by language means.
4. Your text analysis should be a coherent text.