Since childhood we have heard the phrase more than once:"Put on a hat, and then you'll get a meningitis," but few people attached much importance to this warning. And meanwhile, this infectious disease is really extremely dangerous, especially for children. It is difficult to diagnose. Mostly because the main symptoms of infectious meningitis are similar to other inflammatory diseases. Therefore, you need to know them to protect yourself and your loved ones from this dangerous infection.
Symptoms of infectious meningitis caused bymeningococcus, appear very quickly, even lightning fast. First of all, the temperature rises, often up to 39-40 degrees, the patient is very feverish. Also, a person in the first days on the body appears hemorrhagic rash. These two symptoms are enough to suspect an infection and seek medical help. To confirm the diagnosis for analysis, the cerebrospinal fluid is taken. When infectious lesions, it will be turbid, milky white, with a high content of neutrophils, in which the microscope under the microscope will show a bean-shaped diplococci. Acute inflammatory changes are also reflected in the results of a general blood test. In the absence of proper treatment, the mortality from this infection can reach 50%.
This infection is typical for children under one year.It affects the membranes of both the brain and spinal cord. At such a small age for babies such a disease as infectious meningitis, the incubation period of which can be from several hours to two days, is not just very dangerous, it can affect the further mental development of the child. Therefore, when the first signs of inflammation, namely high fever, runny nose and hoarseness in the throat, you need to see a doctor. The clinic of this disease often resembles ARI. But in children up to the year an alarming symptom can be frequent regurgitation, vomiting, and also uncaused crying.
Pneumococcal meningitis in most casespreceded by otitis media or pneumonia. But often there are cases when the infection develops as primary. The incubation period is short. The first symptoms manifest instantly. Meningeal syndrome is noted later than with the defeat of the meningococcal meninges. The disease is rapidly progressing. Complex symptoms such as a consciousness disorder, paresis and convulsions appear early, even under the condition of early hospitalization. When analyzing the cerebrospinal fluid, it can be seen that it is purulent, it reveals extracellular diplococci of a characteristic lanceolate form. Because of the rapid involvement of the ventricles of the brain in the pathological process, the mortality rate is high. It reaches 25% even with proper treatment. Most often this disease develops in children and elderly people. Perhaps, today one of the most dangerous diseases is meningitis. Infectious diseases with such a clinical picture, of course, are treated, and very successfully, but still it is not possible to reduce their lethality.