Parents finally heard the first word of the child, actively helping him develop speech. But after a few years, they discover that the child is stuttering. And where did it come from, did the baby develop properly and in a timely manner? Child stuttering, like any other disease, does not appear out of nowhere.
Stuttering in children is a defect in speech, which is manifested by spasms of the muscles of the speech, respiratory and vocal apparatus. Basically it appears in children aged 3-5 years. But this, of course, is not the limit. Stuttering can occur in children up to 3 years old and after 5, and in schoolchildren, and in adults. Boys are prone to this disease several times more.
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REASONS FOR STUDIES IN CHILDREN
Stuttering does not occur without a cause. Behind every appearance there must be some other violation.
- The cause of stuttering can be prenatal disorders and birth trauma.
- Traumatic brain injury.
- Diseases that affect the central nervous system.
- Infectious processes.
- Diseases of speech organs.
- Psychological causes: frequent stress, neurosis, strong shocks, fears.
- Stuttering in children can occur if the parents did not pay enough attention to the development of the child’s speech or if he learns several languages at a very young age.
- The cause of childish stuttering is also improper upbringing: parents make the child too correct, pampered, have ambivalent views on situations and actions, do not give enough love, are too strict. As a result, the child is either not self-confident and it is difficult for him to find a common language with his peers, or is vain. All this causes neurotic disorders.
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WHAT IS CHILDREN'S ST will
Classify children's stuttering depending on the type of seizures, the course of the disease and manifestations.
The course of the disease produce a constant, undulating and recurrent. That is, the child stutters constantly, irregularly or after treatment, the disease returns again.
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The shape of the convulsions is distinguished by clonic (the child repeats separate syllables), tonic (delayed speech) and mixed stuttering, which combines the two previous types.
Depending on the causes of appearance, they emit a neurotic form and a neurosis-like form. Child stuttering of the neurotic form arises as a result of mental traumas, improper upbringing, and a large speech load. That is, this type of disease does not affect the brain structures. The neurosis-like form occurs with prenatal disorders and birth injuries and other causes that affect the brain. Such a stutter in a child does not depend on his psychoemotional state.
Symptoms of stuttering in children
Stuttering a child can be detected at the initial stage. Usually, the disease begins with frequent repetitions of words, the baby has tense muscles in the face and neck, he does not want to talk or speaks with unexpected changes in the volume of his voice.
The main symptoms of stuttering children depend on the clinical form of the disease.
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Thus, suddenness is characteristic of the neurotic form. She appears in 2-6 years after trauma. At first, the baby stops talking, and when this period is over, the crumb utters phrases with stuttering. Neurotic stuttering has a wave-like shape and increases when the child has stress.The child does not sleep well, becomes irritable. And by the age of 11 he closes in on himself, because he is aware of his defect and is afraid of communication with people.
The neurosis-like form of stuttering begins to manifest itself along with the formation of active speech - in about 3-4 years. The child stutters constantly and over time begins to add words and sounds to the phrases that have no meaning (“well,” “a”). During a conversation, breathing is impaired. Since the neurosis-like form of stuttering often occurs in children with brain disorders, such children have poor memory, fatigue, headaches, hyperactivity.
Read also:Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years
STEAL TREATMENT IN CHILDREN
To treat stuttering in a child should be based on the causes, the course of the disease and the age of the baby. First of all, you need to be examined by a neurologist and a psychiatrist. Then go to a speech therapist.
The main treatment for children's stuttering is psychotherapy. Of course, with a neurosis-like form, this treatment is less important. Also used drugs: psychotropic drugs with tranquilizing effects, homeopathic antihomotoxic drugs, acupuncture.
For the treatment of stuttering is important psychological comfort of the child.If the wrong education was the cause of the disease, doctors communicate with their parents and give them recommendations that will help the child to get rid of the illness. Mom and dad should be patient and in no case do not make a child comments. You should also create in the family a favorable "speech atmosphere" - speak with the child calmly, clearly pronounce the words.