Undoubtedly, Sergei Vladimirovich Mikhalkov is still in thezenith his work deserved the right to be called the patriarch of Russian literature. The mere fact that he is the author of two Soviet (1943, 1977) and subsequently Russian (2001) hymns, proves the need to perpetuate his name in the Guinness Book of Records. He is known not only as a talented poet, but also as a playwright, screenwriter and fabulist.
Mikhalkov Sergey Vladimirovich, short biographywhich contains a lot of interesting and noteworthy, comes from the ancient Russian race. His pedigree is unique. His father, Vladimir Aleksandrovich Mikhalkov, was a graduate of the Faculty of Law of Moscow State University. He was a religious man and was ready at any moment to stand up for the defense of his native Motherland.
The mother of the poet - Olga Mikhailovna Glebova - was the daughter of a district marshal of the nobility.
Sergei Vladimirovich Mikhalkov was born on March 13, 1913 in the Russian capital.
The craving for versification in him appeared inchildhood. Already at the age of nine, the future author of the Soviet anthem began composing verses and writing them down on paper. Father supported the beginnings of his son and even showed his works to the poet A. Bezymensky.
Soon the Mikhalkov family moves from Moscow toPyatigorsk. The father of the poet was offered a place in the Terselkredsoyuz. Sergei Vladimirovich Mikhalkov himself recalled that the move to a new residence was also due to the fact that Vladimir Aleksandrovich did not want to once again "callous eyes" to the Soviet authorities. After Pyatigorsk the poet together with his family lived for some time in Georgievsk.
The first literary work Mikhalkov published in 1928 in the Rostov print edition "On the Rise."
The poem was called "The Road". Soon the poet becomes a member of the Tersk Association of Proletarian Writers (TAPP) and his literary epics are published in the Pyatigorsk newspaper Terek.
In 1930, after school, SergeiVladimirovich Mikhalkov returns to Moscow. He arranges a handyman for a local weaving and finishing factory. Then he tries himself as a younger observer of the geological exploration expedition of the Leningrad Geodetic Institute in the Altai. Then the novice poet visited the Volga and eastern Kazakhstan. After some time, he is already a freelance employee of the letters department of the newspaper "Izvestia". So, while in search of self-realization, Mikhalkov Sergey Vladimirovich, whose works almost every Soviet schoolboy knew, suddenly began to realize that his real calling was versification.
In the early 30-ies of the last century, the Moscowthe poet becomes known to a wide circle of Soviet readers. And all because Mikhalkov's works were regularly placed on the bands of the capital's magazines and newspapers, and they were systematically broadcasted on the radio.
Thus, the magazine Pioneer, the newspaper Komsomolskayatruth "and" Izvestia "were first published by his immortal poems:" And what about you? "," Uncle Stepa "," Three Citizen "," Stubborn Foma "and others. That's what made Mikhalkov Sergei Vladimirovich famous. Poems for children he was able to compose, like no other.
In the period from 1935 to 1937, the poet was a student of the Literary Institute M. Gorky. Then he became a member of the Writers' Union and was forced to leave the alma mater.
In 1936, in the series "Library" Ogonyok ", wherehe was in the union of young writers, his debut collection "Poems for Children" was released. Naturally, after that each child of the country of the Soviets learned who Mikhalkov Sergey Vladimirovich was. "Poems for children" he turned out to be capacious, dynamic and cognitive. Their value consisted in the fact that the foundations of children's education were presented "not directly", but unobtrusively, taking into account the psychology of the baby.
Peru, the patriarch of Russian literature, also owns the famous fairy tale "Three Little Pigs" (1936).
In the world of children's literature, Sergei Vladimirovichentered confidently and triumphantly. His circulation of books was not inferior to the print runs of eminent Chukovsky and Marshak. Famous Soviet filmmakers Rina Zelenaya and Igor Ilyinsky gladly performed Mikhalkov's works on the radio.
The poet from the very beginning of the creative path was engaged in translating children's poems, which were as much as possible identical to the original.
In 1939, Sergei Vladimirovich for the publishedearlier in the newspaper "Izvestia" the work "Svetlana" was awarded hardly the highest award - the Order of Lenin. A year later he was awarded the Stalin Prize. Again, Mikhalkov Sergey Vladimirovich can triumph. Poems for children, which he wrote, pleased even Soviet officials. Then the poet will once again receive the Stalin Prize, but already for writing a screenplay for the film "Frontline Friends."
At the end of the 1930s, Mikhalkov enlarged the ranks of the Soviet Army and participated in the liberation of Western Ukraine. During the entire period of fighting fascism, he works as a war correspondent.
Sergei Vladimirovich in 1943, co-authored withjournalist Georgy El-Registan, comes up with the words of the USSR hymn, which was first sounded on the coming New Year's Eve. After 34 years he will write the second edition of the "main song" of the country of the Soviets, and in 2001 he will present the text of the Russian anthem.
One of the authoritative experts of Russian literature A. Tolstoy suggested to Mikhalkov the idea of trying himself as a fabulist.
And the first works of Sergei Vladimirovichfell to that liking. Pravda published first the fable "Fox and Beaver", and after a short time - "The Hare in Hop", "Two Friends" and "Current Repair." Mikhalkov wrote a total of about two hundred fables.
Sergey Vladimirovich showed his talent inwriting plays for children's theaters. From the pen of the maestro came such famous works as "Special Mission" (1945), "Red Tie" (1946), "I Want Home" (1949). In addition, Mikhalkov is the author of many scenarios for animated films.
List the regalia of the famous children's writercan be very long. As already emphasized, he was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Stalin Prize. In 1973 he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor. Sergey Vladimirovich was repeatedly a laureate of the State Prize. In addition, the poet has the Order of the October Revolution, the Order of the Patriotic War I degree, the Order of Friendship of Peoples, the Order of Honor, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and many other awards.
In 1936, a young Mikhalkov engaged with the granddaughter of the famous artist Vasily Surikov - Natalia Petrovna Konchalovskaya, who was older than her chosen one for 10 years.
Before meeting him, she already had some experiencefamily life: previously the poetess was the spouse of the intelligence agent Alexei Bogdanov. In a marriage with him, Konchalovskaya gave birth to her daughter Catherine, whom Sergei Vladimirovich later adopted. The poet and Natalia Petrovna were happy together for a long time, having lived for 53 years. First they had a son Andrei, and then a son Nikita. Children Mikhalkov Sergei Vladimirovich became famous people, choosing a career as a director. Daughter Catherine became the wife of the famous writer Julian Semenov.
The poet passed away on August 27, 2009, having lived 96 years. Doctors ascertained a swelling of the lungs in Mikhalkov. The patriarch of Russian literature was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery of the capital.