Interestingly, Nick Turbina knew what a stanzaor syllabo-tonic, when from her children's poems - adults, sad, filled with not childhood experiences? Hardly. Yes, she did not need it, just like Pushkin at the beginning of the poetic experiments. Like other outstanding poets. But they were geniuses, their gift was born with them, but even they studied the technique of versification and its laws. Especially it is necessary for us, "not to geniuses". In order for poetry to reach consciousness and the heart, one must learn to read, perceive, understand the lyrical work. From the lyrics we expect shocks caused by the concatenation of sounds, words, images, rhythms, meanings, which create a lyrical experience, for which we open collections of poems. And someone who really loves poetry, can not help but wonder how a poetic miracle is created. What is a stanza, if such ordinary words, collected in slender lines and couplets, are able to touch the inner strings of the soul? And the language of poetry is perhaps the most difficult form of language existence, and one must learn to understand it. But how?
Modern psychology is the most effectivemethod recognizes activities that are adequate to the one that is invested in the object under study. If so, then from the recipient (the one who perceives), the verses require the same imaginative creative work and active inclusion of emotions, as well as from their creator. It turns out, if you want to understand poetry, you should try to write poetry yourself. But first you need to learn from what and how "do poems", what is stanza, rhyme, rhythm and other subtleties of "versification". By the way, some kinds of stanzas, like the poems themselves, have authors, that is, they were specially created by poets. In the literature are known Spencer's stanza, Byron's octave, Onegin stanza, tercet. In all names, except the last, the author's name is guessed. But Dante, who invented the tercet for the "Divine Comedy" in the form that we know it today, deserves to be named. Dante invention is a stanza from three verses (verse - line) that rhymes according to the scheme: 1 and 3 lines rhyme with each other, the second - with the first and third of the next stanza, then everything repeats. Look at the example from the poem:It should be noted that not all three-line stanzasThey are called tercinas (this is another way called terzet). In Japanese poetry, there is hokku. There are also three lines in it, but there is no rhyme. A fixed number of lines is also inherent in an octave (8), quatrain (4), distich (2), and monostichus (1).
Finding out what a stanza is, what it isvarieties of stanzas, continue their poetic education, mastering the rhythm, size, types of rhymes. Now you can take up the pen. A modern pen is a pen, a pen, a computer mouse. It should work out! Hardly something brilliant, but, at least, slim and sonorous. It's true, after so many diligent efforts, you start to perceive the verses in another way, to understand how much effort there is in the simplicity and simplicity of the masterpieces of Pushkin, Tyutchev, Fet ... And perhaps I would like to find the listener my first and already favorite poetry? Nothing is impossible! Why not arrange a poetic competition? The most famous poets of antiquity, Ancient China and medieval Japan did not consider it to be a shame to compete in a poetic ring. In such competitions, skill is honed, poets gain fame and the opportunity to convey their feelings and thoughts.
Finishing our little lesson, one more timeLet us emphasize his main idea: it is impossible to discover the meaning of a poetic work without revealing the features of the artistic form, in which this meaning is embodied - the verse composition (stanzas). Yu. Lotman's rights, arguing that even a simplified "schematic description of common structural patterns" more reveals to us the uniqueness and beauty of lyrical lines than the repeated repetition of laudatory phrases about their genius. After all, no matter how much you say "halva" (here it is more appropriate "praise"), it will not be sweet.